1. There will be no ambiguity in the laws relating to whaling. These animals should not be killed or captured by any country for any purpose, be it under the guise of science or openly for meat or entertainment.

2. All marine protected zones should be respected by all countries so that boundaries set for fishermen in one country are not breached by those from others.

3. Loopholes in the trade of shark fin and bushmeat to be immediately closed with a comprehensive ban on the trade in wild animal parts – be it for food or trophies. An EU loophole is allowing the import of shark fins into Britain under the personal allowance rule, the same rule that covers tobacco and alcohol, but that prohibits the import of meat and cheese. Under current regulation, travellers are able to bring back up to 20Kg of dried shark fins, which have a market value of £3600, are enough to make 705 portions of soup and represent the death of approximately 25 sharks. Sharks are slipping towards extinction worldwide, 3 and the insatiable demand for their fins to be used in traditional Chinese cuisine is one of the contributing factors to their decline. Shark and marine conservation charity Bike-Back has been petitioning for the immediate closure of this loophole but, at present, unregulated shark fin movement is still possible across 28 countries.

4. Wild animals should no longer be taken from the wild in any country for the pet trade or other human entertainment. Exemptions may be made for conservation programmes requiring captive breeding.

5. The hunting of birds during breeding seasons and during migration to be outlawed internationally.

6. The use of traps to capture finches, waders and other birds for the captive bird trade and/or meat to be banned worldwide immediately. Current trapping methods mean that non-target species are captured and the numbers harvested are unsustainable.

7. An immediate moratorium placed upon the hunting of any species that is shown to be in significant decline in any part of its range (as defined by the IUCN). An animal should not be shot in one country when money is being invested in its protection in another.

8. Conservation targets and plans should be officially coordinated internationally by the IUCN (or similar body) and become legally binding, with protection offered not just for species with declining populations but also their habitats, resting spaces and food sources.

9. International laws to properly protect wildlife drawn up, upheld by all nations and protected by a new International Environment Court.

10. An international student-linking programme to facilitate an understanding of wildlife and conservation issues in other countries and to develop compatible and mutual support.


3. IUCN (2014). A quarter of sharks and rays threatened with extinction. [Online] Available at: https://www.iucn.org/content/quarter-sharks-and-rays-threatened-extinction(Accessed 17/09/2018)